Climate change and disaster risk cannot be understood without recognizing the gender and social dimensions of vulnerability and capacity. There is recognition regionally and globally, that climate and disaster risks are inextricably linked to development. Slow and rapid-onset disasters have the potential to set-back years of development gains with di erentiated impacts for marginal groups. Conversely, unchecked development can increase people’s vulnerability if risk management is not integral to development decision making. Whilst gender and protection issues are central to the initial response phase after a disaster, they also need to be central during recovery and ongoing development planning as well as during disaster preparedness.